The most active volcano in Europe
Called by the Sicilian Mungibeddu o ‘a Muntagna, to indicate its recognition as The Mountain par excellence, Etna is located 30 km from the city of Catania, in the eastern side of Sicily. Apart from the Alps it is the highest Italian peak, despite its size constantly varying over time as it is a volcano. At present, its height is 3340 m. s.l.m, with a diameter of 45 km.
Mount Etna is the most active volcano in Europe. The urbanized area (which consists of small and medium-sized centers) reaches 1,000 meters, while the cultivated and wooded areas reach up to 1,500 meters (the land is, in fact, made fertile by volcanic debris and therefore ideal for agriculture ).
Etna has a great geological and landscape variety (dense forests with endemic species, desert areas covered with volcanic rocks that, during the winter, are covered with snow): this is why a large part of its territory has been included in the Park Natural of Etna.
In June 2013, Mount Etna was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. With its inclusion, the Sicily region boasts six UNESCO sites among the 48 total in Italy.